2017 Volume 19 Issue 4 Pages 186-194
The aim of this study was to investigate the temporal changes of grip strength level in the elderly after abdominal surgery. The design was quantitative descriptive study. Subjects were 50 elderly (mean age: 72.8 ± 5.9 years) with no motor impairments and were able to communicate verbally. Basic attributes and grip strength were measured over time on admission, 5 days after surgery and at discharge. Data were analyzed by using t-test, repeated measure ANOVA, etc. As a result, when comparing grip strength levels after abdominal surgery, there was a significant difference between young-elderly group and old-elderly group (p＜ 0.05). Furthermore, as a temporal change the grip strength level decreased 5 days after surgery in younger elderly, and it did not recovered at the time of discharge. In addition, grip strength of the older elderly did not change over time, and was low. The low value suggested they experienced difficulties in daily life, and was a flail state. The results suggested the nurses working at the hospital need to evaluate grip strength of the elderly to predict muscle weakness considering age and gender after abdominal surgery though the time of discharge, and to provide continual care for the elderly.