1993 年 77 巻 6 号 p. 275-284
In recent years, windowless office spaces have increased remarkably, while problems related to windowless roomsremain to be solved.
This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of visual environment on human psychology and behavior in a windowless office space.
This thesis consists of three Experiments which are stated below.
In Experiment 1, using scale models, at first the psychological factor structure of the visual environment of a windowless control room, which is the typical windowless office room, are surveyed. Secondly the relationship between psychological factors and physical factors which constitute visual environment are examined.
In Experiment 2, how the visual environment affect subjective appraisal and human behavior such as eye movement, task performance and behavior pattern, in windowless office spaces are disscussed, when subjects were at fundamental task in an actual sized experimental space.
In Experiment 3, how visual environment and types of task affect human psychology and behavior such as subjective appraisal, task performance, behavior patterns in windowless office spaces are examined, when subjects took six types of task, which were chosen to take usual work at an office space into consideration, in the same experimental space.
Summing up the results obtained above, we conclude that although the visual environment of the windowless office space have negative influence upon human psychology and behavior, they can be compensated by considering interior decoration and types of task.