Yokoyama Taikan Memorial Hall was used as a residence-atelier during 1909-1945 and 1953-1958 by Taikan Yokoyama (1868-1958) who was a representative of modern Japanese-style painter. There is a characteristic garden in the former Taikan Yokoyama residence. In 1909, Taikan built a residence-atelier at Ueno Ikenohata on the banks of Sinobazunoike where was a famous cultural and scenic place of Tokyo. However, unfortunately the residence-atelier had destroyed by an air raid on Tokyo in 1945 and the garden had damaged also. After that, Taikan's residence-atelier was rebuilt and his garden was restored by his strong intention. We had on-site surveying the garden, considering Taikan’s career, analyzing relationships between his representational paintings and the garden features, and interviewing to Mr. Jiro Fujii who was involved in the restoration of the garden. In the result, we found that Taikan ordered to plant the trees and shrubs in the garden, just like he painted on his pictures. The garden was landscaped to have more spiritual meaning than natural landscaped garden by his intention. This attitude toward to the garden was different from the gardens created by the other representative of modern Japanese-style painters.