In Japan, the law for the conservation of cultural landscapes was established in 2005. 43 areas are selected as “Important Cultural Landscapes” by the Minister of Education. Cultural Landscapes are strongly influenced by the local people's lives and livelihoods. Therefore, residents’ participation is essential to promote the conservation of cultural landscapes. However, the residents’ perception of cultural landscape value is not so high, and that cause the problems to proceed the activity of landscape conservation and local revitalization. Therefore, this study aim to clarify the effects and the problems of conservation activity from the view point of residents’ participation and recognition toward Cultural Landscapes. We did Hearing survey with the municipal office and community organizations in Takashima City. As results, it is needed for many residential people to share the image of landscape creation and its need at the stage of before making the conservation plan of important cultural landscape. Moreover, through the half-forcibly participation of conservation activity organized by traditional council, residential people can foster awareness toward the conservation activity.