2019 Volume 82 Issue 5 Pages 663-668
Hot spring areas are important tourism spots in Japan. Conserving landscapes and utilizing local resources in hot spring areas are required to revitalize hot spring areas. Important Cultural Landscape was added to categories of cultural property by the amendment of the Act on the Protection of Cultural Properties in 2005. The legal system used to conserve Important Cultural Landscapes is one of the policies that assist in revitalizing hot spring areas. The Kan-nawa and Myou-ban hot spring areas in Beppu City, Oita Prefecture were designated as Important Cultural Landscapes in 2012. The purpose of this study is to identify the actual management condition regarding the legal system for conserving cultural landscapes in these two hot spring areas in Beppu City, Oita Prefecture. The main finding of this research is that landscapes of yukemuri (clouds of white steam) /hot spring areas have been conserved by (a) more stringent standards than those in general landscape areas under the Landscape Act, (b) relaxation of regulations for promoting generation of yukemuri, and (c) management conditions considering morphological characteristics of the notification system and effects on livelihood.