2022 Volume 85 Issue 5 Pages 641-644
The purpose of this study is to consider the value factors of the wasabi field as a cultural landscape. As the target sites,21wasabi cultivation areas that have continued from the modern to the present. Each target area was investigated and analyzed for the history of the origin of cultivation and the location characteristics. The history is organized by 6 items; the start time of cultivation, the lord of the cultivation area in the Edo period, the originator of cultivation, the origination factor, the destination, and the seedlings. As a result, it was shown that there were differences in the formation process depending on the time of the start of cultivation and the lord of the Edo period. Many the cultivation areas started in the Edo period were the shogunate territory and natural habitat, and the cultivation area started after Meiji period tended to introduce technology from developed area. It was found that wasabi cultivation tends to be formed as an industry rather than a cash crop of the domain. The location characteristics were classified into 3 groups based on water systems, altitude, slop of the land, and the area of the wasabi field.