1985 年 35 巻 4 号 p. 203-208
Al/FeS2 secondary cells have been investigated as a candidate of specific energy batteries. In this study, the organic electrolyte, i. e., n-butyl pyridinium chloride (n-BPC)-AlCl3, was used to get an adherent Al deposit and to operate the cell at around room temperatures. The cell with the electrolyte of [n-BPC]/[AlCl3]=1 had a high open circuit voltage of 2.5V, while in the case of other composition electrolytes the voltages were about 2.0V. Various additives to the FeS2 electrode were studied to improve the cell performance. The 45wt% graphite and 18mol% Cu2S additives were the most promising. The cells with Al alloys (5052, 6063, or Al-0.05%In) as the negative electrode also had the high voltage and high capacity. The cyclic voltammetry and the rotating ring-disk electrode measurements were performed to analyze the electrochemical reaction of the positive electrode. It was assumed that the intermediates, S2- and S2-n, are formed during the cathodic reaction of FeS2.