Transactions of Navigation
Online ISSN : 2189-5511
ISSN-L : 2189-5511
Original
Effects of Dual Task and Body Sway on Attention While Viewing a Ship-Navigation Simulation Video
Kana WatanabeJun KayanoKen KiharaKoichi Shimono
Author information
JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

2019 Volume 4 Issue 1 Pages 11-19

Details
Abstract

This study examined how two factors of ship navigation, multitasking and vibration, degrade visual attention. In Experiments 1 and 2, 11 and 20 participants, respectively, viewed a 1-min ship-navigation video and performed two tasks: one detecting as quickly as possible a small target presented for 0.3 sec in the video, and the other carrying out the detection task while performing mental calculations. In Experiment 1, the participant’s chair was stationary, and in Experiment 2, it pitched or rolled to induce vibration (or body sway), as if on a ship. Reaction time (RT) to the target and rate of oversight (RO) were indices of visual attention. In Experiment 1, the type of task affected RT but not RO. In Experiment 2, the task effect diminished for RT but was observed for RO. Furthermore, roll and pitch affected RT but not RO. The results suggest that inclusion of mental calculation and simulated ship motion can degrade visual attention, and the degree of the degradation differs depending on the index used for assessment. We discuss the implication of the results for marine accidents.

Information related to the author

この記事はクリエイティブ・コモンズ [表示 - 非営利 - 改変禁止 4.0 国際]ライセンスの下に提供されています。
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/deed.ja
Previous article Next article
feedback
Top