Although it is well known that offenders rehabilitation facilities play an important role in the prevention of second offense, community residents often oppose the construction of new facility in their neighborhood. Present study carried out questionnaire research on 1000 male and female subjects to clarify the factors which affect the rejective attitude. A multiple regression analysis revealed followings. 1) Both males and females understood the importance of the facility but tended to oppose the construction of new facility in their community. 2) This rejective attitude was stronger in females than males. 3) The negative view of the facility and inmates strengthened rejective attitude in both sexes. 4) The recognition that more offender rehabilitation facilities were necessary weakened the rejective attitude in both sexes. However, sex differences were also found. 5) Risk perception weakened rejective attitude in females but not in males. 6) Distrust of government and/or the owner of the facility strengthened the rejective attitude in males, but not in females. Based on these findings, the conditions under which the community residents accept the new facility were discussed.