教育心理学研究
Online ISSN : 2186-3075
Print ISSN : 0021-5015
ISSN-L : 0021-5015
幼児期の行動の計画化の発達
ゆるやかな構造の問題解決過程の分析
浜谷 直人
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ジャーナル フリー

1987 年 35 巻 4 号 p. 326-334

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The purpose of this study was to investigate the way children make a plan when attempting to solve an “ill-structured” problem. 4-, 5-, 6-, and 8-year-old children were requested to build something like a stair-case with small blocks so a doll can walk up a big block. The developmental trends of behavior in the preparing process, in the building process, and in the judging process were analyzed. The main results were as follows: 1) by the age of 6, children became able to orient their operations according to the conditions of the problem, 2) above the age of 6, their operation began to be internalyzed and took shape, 3) when the orientation was completed, a basic unit of operations was internalyzed. As compared with the case of “well-structured” problem solving, orientation may play a more important role in planning.

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© 日本教育心理学会
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