教育心理学研究
Online ISSN : 2186-3075
Print ISSN : 0021-5015
ISSN-L : 0021-5015
「観察によって得た知識」と「科学的情報から得た知識」をいかに関連づけるか
地球の形の概念の場合
中島 伸子
著者情報
ジャーナル フリー

1995 年 43 巻 2 号 p. 113-124

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抄録

The present study had two purposes. One was to investigate children's and adults' informal knowledge of the earth's shape, especially on how they related the following two knowledges:“observational knowledge (e. g. the ground is flat)” and “knowledge from scientific information (e. g. the earth is round)”, both conflicting each other. A second purpose was to examine effects of instructions invented by the author on changes from inadequate into adequate knowledges. The results of Exp. I and II-A: showed that contrary to results of previous researches there were many children (Kindergarteners, 1st, 3rd-, 5th-grades) who couldnot relate two conflicting knowledges at all. Although getting older made more people able to relate them correctly if needed, for a long time they considered them as distinct. The results of Exp. II-B showed that in order for children to correctly relate these knowledges, it was necessary to instruct them explicitly on how to properly relate them, while clearly indicating the conflict between both knowledges.

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© 日本教育心理学会
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