1980 Volume 19 Issue 2 Pages 155-164
This study was designed to analyze the changing processes between decision-making and attitude structure, which Janis and Mann (1968) advocated from view of functional theory by Katz (1960).
The research consisted of two sides.
The first research was to draw the function and component with factor analysis. The second was an experimental research which was operated with three conditions, which were group decision, consideration and scientific information proposal.
The subjects of the first research number ed 137, smokers who were men and women college students, 20 cigarettes a day and for about three years on the average. The second subjects number ed 103, smokers who were men and women college students, 13 cigarettes a day and for about four years on the average.
The main results were as follows:
I. The factor of three attitude functions and six attitude components were drawn by analysis of smoking behavior.
2. Three functions were called by following name as: (I) function of tension relaxation in an interpersonal situation, (2) self-display function, (3) conformity function to social norm. The six components were called by following names: (I) behavior tendency, (2) sensible appraisal, (3) mood feelings, (4) sensible feelings, (5) appraisal of interpersonal relations (6) appraisal related to the health.
3. Partial correlation was confirmed between function and component.
4. Three operating conditions were considered to change three attitude functions. Group decision-making was effective the function of tension relaxation in an interpersonal situation. Scientific information proposal was effective to change self-display function and function of tension relaxation in the interpersonal situation.
In view of the result described above, consequent five stages to attitude change will be clarified with consequent proposal of the operational condition of other one.