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Vol. 67 (2012) No. 4 p. 464-471



ミニ特集 カドミウム研究の現状と今後の展望―疫学研究から分子機構まで

Phosphaturia has been documented following cadmium (Cd) exposure in both humans and experimental animals. Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) serves as an essential phosphate homeostasis pathway in the bone-kidney axis. In the present study, we investigated the effects of Cd on phosphate (Pi) homeostasis in mice. Following Cd injection into C57BL/6J mice, plasma FGF23 concentration significantly increased. The urinary Pi excretion level was significantly higher in the Cd-injected C57BL/6J mice than in the control group. Plasma Pi concentration decreased only slightly in the Cd-injected mice compared with the control group. No changes were observed in the concentration of the plasma parathyroid hormone and 1,25-dihydroxy vitamin D3 in both groups of mice. We observed a decrease in phosphate transport activity and also a decrease in the expression level of renal phosphate transporter Npt2c, but not that of Npt2a. Furthermore, we examined the effect of Cd on Npt2c in Npt2a-knockout (KO) mice, which expresses Npt2c as a major NaPi cotransporter. Injecting Cd to Npt2aKO mice induced a significant increase in plasma FGF23 concentration and urinary Pi excretion level. Furthermore, we observed decreases in phosphate transport activity and renal Npt2c expression level in the Cd-injected Npt2a KO mice. The present study suggests that hypophosphatemia induced by Cd may be closely associated with FGF23.

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