The quality of the sacred “temizu” water in shrines in Kyoto was surveyed. It was found that the sources of “temizu” were the municipal water supply or domestic wells and that the “temizu” was usually used for washing the hands and mouth, while in certain shrines it was drunk as well. Of 50 visitors responding to questions, 26 persons said that they drank “temizu”. In some shrines using the municipal water supply as “temizu”, the free residual chlorine concentration was lower than that in the municipal water supply itself. Contamination of “temizu” by Escherichia coli or Aeromonas hydrophila was observed in some shrines.