人文地理
Online ISSN : 1883-4086
Print ISSN : 0018-7216
ISSN-L : 0018-7216
道南のいか釣漁業について
日本漁業の構造と特異性についての一考察
柿本 典昭
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ジャーナル フリー

1955 年 7 巻 4 号 p. 294-303,332

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Among various fields of the fishing industry in Japan, it is in cuttlefish that the haul has suddenly and remarkably increased after the termination of World War II. Though a cuttlefish, especially a sagittated calamary (the scientific name being ommastrephes sloani pacificus streenstrup) lives on every coast along this country, it is caught in the largest quantities in the southern part of Hokkaido fronting on the Tsugaru strait, where the shoals of cuttlefish fall across from the Japan Sea and the Pacific Ocean. The catch of fish is the highest in October and November. The fishing vessels used for this are usually of 5-20 tons manned by approximately 20 men. They angle for fish from six o'clock in the evening till half past four in the next morning, during which time the haul of fish is 20-30 kan (1 kan-3.75kg.) per person.
Those engaged in the fishing industry of cuttlefish are divided into the owners of fishing boats and fishermen who actually angle. A haul is shared between the two at a fixed rate. The latter's subordinate relation in social standing to the former is not so remarkable as in other fields of fishing industry in Japan. The way of fishing, and fishing tackle are both quite simple. Moreover, a cuttlefish being an annual creature, there is no need to worry about reckless fishing. These are the factors which have helped the fishing industry of cuttlefish make such remarkable progress after the war, while other fieldes are generally dull.

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