Because of its high discriminatory potential, fragment analysis of microsatellites has been frequently used for genotyping of Candida albicans at the strain level. In order to evaluate a genotyping system based on the fragment analysis of microsatellites combined with PCRs targeting 25S rDNA and RPS, 456 independent strains of C. albicans were subjected to genotype analysis using 4 microsatellite markers (CDC3, HIS3, CA I and CA III), followed by 25S rDNA and RPS-based genotyping. The fragment analysis using CA I showed the highest discriminatory potential (DP=0.9782), followed by HIS3 (DP=0.8780). Using combined microsatellite markers, 456 C. albicans strains were divided into 384 genotypes (DP=0.9984). PCRs targeting 25S rDNA and RPS were performed to differentiate the strains that showed identical genotypes in the fragment analysis, resulting in 434 genotypes (DP=0.9996). The combined genotyping system showed high discriminatory power at the strain level, and therefore is useful for rapid genotyping in molecular epidemiological studies of candidiasis.
2009 The Japanese Society for Medical Mycology