2016 Volume 14 Issue 2 Pages 20-31
To investigate introspection among nursing students, we analyzed the content of open-end responses in a report on portfolio-based clinical training. Using a text-mining approach, we constructed co-occurrence networks followed by correspondence analysis of open-ended responses from 72 nursing students. Structural analysis of co-occurrence networks revealed that students who realized the importance of reflection became introspective and began to work toward highly efficient nursing practice. In correspondence analysis, the distribution of extracted words showed that acquired strength was located on the positive side of the first quadrant, contributing greatly to the first principal component and serving as a reference value, separating it from the top 3 areas of growth and learning. The first and fourth quadrants also contained practical application, strength, and future in a nearly straight line, suggesting their involvement in the acquisition of practical nursing skills. The findings of this study also suggest that, on reflection, students tend to consider knowledge and skills they learned as attributable to their own growth unless they give this careful consideration.