1979 Volume 23 Issue 4 Pages 295-304
The aim of this study is to propose a theory of human physical education based on the philosophy of life in Buddhism and to make a truly new discovery of human beings. The sequence of the argument is outlined as follows. Firstly, this study explains that the true entity of human beings has not been clarified through some consideration of several theories on the old monism of mind and body, and that the rapid progress of today's technological science has hitherto hindered the total comprehension of human beings. Secondly, this study explains the true entity of human beings through introduction of several theories from Life philosophy concerning the ontological consideration of human beings and the mind-body problem. And then, it expounds that a human being is a "life being" in the oneness of mind and body. Furthermore, it writes out for reference a list of three viewpoints of mind and body, comparing the Buddhist viewpoint with those of cerebro-physiology and depth-psychology. Thirdly, this study explains that the guiding idea to realized the dignity of human life in modern society should be such humanism as is based on philosophy of life. And it considers the idea of human physical education that is enforced through lifetime. Fourthly, this study pursues concretely creative personality through the practice of human physical education in terms of both physical activities and group activities. And it also tries to aufhaben the confrontation between a group and an individual within the realm of physical education by applying the logical processes of the practical realization based on the equality of value for all. Finally, the conclusion of the study strongly proposes human physical education that aims at the development of creative personality, as a desirable form of physical education which intends to solve the problems of chaotic modern society.