The Japanese Journal of Pediatric Hematology
Online ISSN : 1884-4723
Print ISSN : 0913-8706
ISSN-L : 0913-8706
A Case of Congenital Syphilis with Initial Symptoms Mimicking Acute Leukemia
Hideki MURAMATSUHirotoshi SAKAGUCHINobuhiro WATANABEKimikazu MATSUMOTOKoji KATOSeiji KOJIMA
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2008 Volume 22 Issue 2 Pages 126-128

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Abstract

Congenital syphilis is a rare and serious disease that continues to be a major healthcare problem. Its clinical spectrum ranges from an asymptomatic infection to fulminating sepsis and death. Here, we report a case of a onemonth-old infant diagnosed with congenital syphilis. The initial symptoms of the disease mimicked those of acute leukemia, e.g., hepatosplenomegaly, high white blood cell count, anemia, and thrombopenia. With the changing social environment, the prevalence of sexually transmitted diseases, including syphilis, has increased. Therefore, provision of appropriate medical care services is recommended for the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of congenital syphilis.

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