心理学研究
Online ISSN : 1884-1082
Print ISSN : 0021-5236
原著論文
グラフの読解に表現と理解の視点が及ぼす効果に関する実験的検討
神崎 奈奈三輪 和久
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ジャーナル フリー

2012 年 83 巻 3 号 p. 163-173

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The comprehension of graphs is achieved through interaction between bottom-up and top-down processing. This study experimentally investigated the interaction between the graph representations determining bottom-up processing and the reader's perspective relating to top-down processing. Different representations on graphs generated from an identical data set elicited different interpretations of the graphs. We call this the “representation effect” on graph comprehension. In Experiment 1, we confirmed the characteristic of the bottom-up process of graph comprehension by using a set of line graphs which were identical in perceptual characteristics. In Experiments 2A and 2B, the participants were given a perspective for reading the graphs, and then they interpreted the graphs. The results showed that this perspective affected their comprehension of the graphs. Previous studies have shown that top-down processing may not be compatible with bottom-up processing in graph comprehension. However, our result indicated that top-down processing controlled by a perspective for reading the graph was not inconsistent with bottom-up processing, and therefore does not violate bottom-up processing.

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© 2012 公益社団法人 日本心理学会
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