心理学研究
Online ISSN : 1884-1082
Print ISSN : 0021-5236
原著論文
喫煙者に対する否定的評価と差別
山本 雄大佐藤 潤美大渕 憲一
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ジャーナル フリー

2014 年 85 巻 2 号 p. 121-129

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The present study examined the negative evaluations and discrimination against smokers among the Japanese. In Study 1, 52 students rated one of four target-persons differentially depicted in terms of gender and smoking habit using scales to measure coolness, sociability, intellectuality, and earnestness. The results showed that participants rated smokers more negatively than nonsmokers except for sociability. Those who perceived smoking as controllable rated smokers’ earnestness even more negatively, suggesting that the negative evaluations are partially moderated by the perceived controllability of smoking. To examine a hypothesis that negative evaluations of smokers would mediate discrimination, in Study 2 we measured how participants (96 students) responded to target persons asking for a loan or a job, as well as their ratings of the targets on the Big Five personality dimensions. The results support the hypothesis of mediation.

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© 2014 公益社団法人 日本心理学会
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