1971 年 42 巻 4 号 p. 175-184
In the area of the study of political processes, there have been few situational survey investigations concerning organization of party support and political concern.
In this paper, party selection and party support strength were taken as variables representing party support, and political concern, situational political concern, and election concern were taken as three variables representing political concern. These variables were identified in the variables of social and life attitudes. The survey results were examined to clarify correspondence between party support and political concern.
The subjects surveyed were 302 males, between 20 to 59 years of age, living in Tokyo. The length of the survey was one week, from October 19th to 26th, 1969. The Hayashi's Quantification Theory was employed as the means of analysis. As a result of the analysis by the Quantification Theory Family II, with a factor of party selection considered as an outside criterion, four criteria of party selection by the subjects were found. Concerning these criteria, a factor of contact with mass communication was found to play a large role. Moreover, factors specifying the support strength for various parties were identifiable as party selection, income, desire consciousness, and desired income.
With respect to political concern taken as an outside criterion, anomie, autonomy, and newspaper reading were found to specify basic political concern, while age, social motive, and desired income were found to specify situational political concern. Moreover, newspaper reading, social norm and persons conferred upon when in trouble were found to be the specifying factors of election concern.
In the last analysis, the factor of contact with mass communication was found to have strong relationships with both party support and political concern, but party support and political concern were found to be distinct systems having no correspondence with each other.