1973 年 44 巻 2 号 p. 92-96
This study explored factors underlying interpersonal attitudes among Japanese Ss. 30 affective-state verbs and 20 complex stimulus persons were first selected, and then this Behavioral Differential-type form was administered for ratings by 54 male and female undergraduate Ss. Factor analysis yielded four verb-scale factors: nurturance-rejection, “amae” (dependency), superiority-inferiority, and pity-envy. The following factors were also found for the stimulus persons: guilt, aggressiveness, dependency, envy-inferiority. It is suggested that this four factor structure for interpersonal attitudes may form the following quadrants or a “circle”; namely, (a) nurturance-guilt, (b) aggressiveness, (c) envy-inferiority, (d) “amae” (dependency). Finally, it is proposed that “oime” (guilty feeling) is a cardinal element in the interpersonal attitude structure of the Japanese.