1986 年 57 巻 4 号 p. 242-245
Sixty individuals (30 male/30 female) served as subjects in an experiment designed to investigate a person's felt emotions while engaged in social interactions with other people. The social interaction situations explored here represented various combinations of the following three variables: (1) eight kinds of sentiments about the other person; (2) eight kinds of social behavior directed to the other person; (3) sex of the other person. Subjects' responses to questioning revealed that a person's emotional reaction is heavily dependent upon the interpersonal sentiments pertaining in a given situation. Very different emotional reactions were associated with differences in interpersonal sentiments even when the pattern of social behavior remained constant. It was also found that emotional reactions changed when different patterns of social behavior were employed with a given individual.