64 巻 (1993-1994) 2 号 p. 115-122
The processes of socialization and personalization were reexamined from the viewpoint of adjustment, and two concepts: social orientedness and individual orientedness, were proposed to capture the two processes. The main purpose of the current study was to construct a scale to measure social and individual orientedness, and examine its reliability and validity. Firstly, seventeen items were selected for the scale through item analysis, then its reliability was estimated with 310 male and 402 female students, using the split-half and test-retest methods. Factor analysis of the items yielded two factors. Secondly, validity of the scale was examined; those same subjects filled Self-consciousness scale and egogram test (TEG), Sociometrix-test, data on personal troubles, and teacher's judgement score on personal troubles were obtained. The results showed that the concepts were effective in measuring both personal trait and developmental level, and that social orientedness concerned the orientation to others and the external (interpersonal) adjustment, while individual orientedness was for the self and the internal.