66 巻 (1995-1996) 2 号 p. 100-106
A hypothetical model about person's independent and interdependent construal of the self was proposed, based on the theories proposed by Markus and Kitayama (1991), Triandis (1989) and Yamaguchi (1994). The purpose of this study was to construct a scale for measuring individual difference on the independent and interdependent construal of the self and to examine its reliability and validity. Four hundred and ninety-four subjects (180 males and 314 females) responded to a questionnaire. Sixteen items were selected for the scale through item analysis. This scale showed one-factor structure and a high reliability. As for the construct validity, the scale showed significant correlations with Collectivism scale, Need for Uniqueness scale and Public Self-Consciousness scale. These results supported the hypothetical model about independent and interdependent construal of the self.