2020 年 68 巻 4 号 p. 133-141
Ejecta from hypervelocity impact includes not only fragments but also luminous vapor cloud with plasma. The plasma (i.e. plasma density) is an important parameter for estimating the risk of discharge on solar array paddle or power harness of spacecraft. We carried out hypervelocity impact experiments using a two-stage light gas gun to analyze luminous vapor cloud and plasma from impacts of the different projectile and target materials. We measured luminous vapor cloud and plasma by using a high-speed video camera and a streak camera spectroscopy, which gives time-resolved spectra and a plasma probe. From the time-resolved spectra, the temperature of the luminous vapor cloud was calculated by fitting the black body radiation from a continuous spectrum of the luminous vapor cloud. Also, we compared and investigated the temporal change of each emission line spectrum from impacts of different target and projectile materials.