日本輸血学会雑誌
Online ISSN : 1883-8383
Print ISSN : 0546-1448
ISSN-L : 0546-1448
献血者におけるHIVについての意識調査
井上 千加子神谷 忠小澤 和郎
著者情報
ジャーナル フリー

2001 年 47 巻 1 号 p. 22-28

詳細
抄録

In 1999, the number of donors with HIV antibodies was 63, giving a prevalence of 1.026per 100, 000 donations collected by the Japanese Red Cross Society Blood Centers. The current frequency is higher than would be expected from the prevalence rate of HIV in Japan. We conducted a questionnaire to determine blood donor understanding of HIV. The survey looked at responses anonymously from 676 apheresis donors who donated at 8 collection offices in Aichi Prefecture in mid-January, 2000. It indicated that almost all of them were really comprehensive and 27% of respondents supported the present policy of not letting donors know the results of their HIV tests. But a tiny fraction of repeated donors did not understand why they should not donate blood as a means of checking on HIV.
To reduce the risk of transfusion-transmitted infection, nucleic acid amplification test screening for HIV, HBV and HCV was introduced for all donated blood in October 1999. However, based on the rapid spread of sexually transmitted diseases and drug abuse especially among younger people, it is essential for ensuring blood safety that adequate donor education be conducted along with various approaches to reduce blood-borne infection including HIV.

著者関連情報
© 日本輸血・細胞治療学会
前の記事 次の記事
feedback
Top