The Journal of Medical Investigation
Online ISSN : 1349-6867
Print ISSN : 1343-1420
ISSN-L : 1343-1420
Originals
Antimutagenicity and DT-diaphorase inducing activity of Gynostemma pentaphyllum Makino extract
Chollada KulwatNirush LertprasertsukePranee LeechanachaiPrachya KongtawelertUsanee Vinitketkumnuen
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2005 Volume 52 Issue 3,4 Pages 145-150

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Abstract

The hot water extract of the herbal tea, Gynostemma pentaphyllum Makino, was not found to be mutagenic in Salmonella mutation assay with or without metabolic activation. However, the extract had both DT-diaphorase inducing activity in the murine hepatoma (Hepa1c1c7) cell line and antimutagenic properties towards chemical-induced mutation in Salmonella typhimurium strains TA98 and TA100. Mutagenicity of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1), 2-amino-6-methyldipyrido [1, 2-a: 3’, 2’, 3-d] imidazole (Glu-P-1), 2-aminodipyrido [1, 2-a: 3’, 2’, 3-d] imidazole (Glu-P-2), 2-amino-1, 4-dimethyl-5H-pyrido [4, 3-b] indole (Trp-P-1), 3-amino-1-methyl-5H-pyrido [4, 3-b] indole (Trp-P-2), 2-amino-3-methylimidazo [4, 5-f] quinoline (IQ) and Benzo [a] pyrene (B[a]P) was inhibited by the extract of Gynostemma pentaphyllum Makino in a dose-dependent manner, but no effect was found on the mutagenic activity of 2-(2-Furyl)-3-(5-nitro-2-furyl) acrylamide (AF-2). However, the extract enhanced the mutagenicity induced by 2-aminoanthracene (2AA), and N-methyl-N’-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG). J. Med. Invest. 52: 145-150, August, 2005

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© 2005 by The University of Tokushima Faculty of Medicine
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