The Journal of Medical Investigation
Online ISSN : 1349-6867
Print ISSN : 1343-1420
ISSN-L : 1343-1420
The changes in treatment strategies in ABOi living donor liver transplantation for acute liver failure
Mitsuhiro YasudaToru IkegamiDaisuke ImaiHuanlin WangYuki BekkiShinji ItohTomoharu YoshizumiYuji SoejimaKen ShirabeYoshihiko Maehara
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2015 Volume 62 Issue 3.4 Pages 184-187


Introduction. Living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) using ABO-incompatible (ABOi) graft for acute liver failure (ALF) is a developing treatment modality. Methods. We reviewed the changes in our treatment strategies in applying ABOi LDLT for FH over our fourteen years of experience. Results. Five patients with ALF received LDLT in adults using ABOi grafts, with different but gradually renewed protocols. The etiologies for acute liver failure included autoimmune hepatitis (n=3) and unknown (n=2). The desensitization protocol for ABOi barrier included Case #1; local infusion (portal vein)+plasma exchange (PE), Case #2; local infusion (hepatic artery)+rituximab+PE, Case #3 and #4; rituximab+PE, and Case #5; rituximab+PE under high-flow continuous hemodiafiltration. Local infusion was abandoned since Case #3, because Case #1 had portal vein thrombosis resulting in graft necrosis and Case #2 had hepatic artery dissection. The patients (Case #2 and #3), who received rituximab within 7 days before LDLT, experienced antibody-mediated rejection. Thus, the most recent protocol for ABOi-LDLT is that rituximab is given 2 weeks before LDLT, followed by high-flow continuous hemodiafiltration to obstacle hepatic encephalopathy until LDLT. The four patients except Case #1 are doing well with good graft function over 3.8±3.7 years. Conclusion. Rituximab-based ABOi-LDLT, most-recently under high-flow hemodiafiltration for treating encephalopathy, is a feasible option for applying LDLT for ALF. J. Med. Invest. 62: 184-187, August, 2015

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© 2015 by The University of Tokushima Faculty of Medicine
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