Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan. Ser. II
Online ISSN : 2186-9057
Print ISSN : 0026-1165
ISSN-L : 0026-1165
Rate Determining Processes of Growth of Ice Crystals from the Vapour Phase
Part II: Investigation of Surface Kinetic Process
Toshio KurodaTakehiko Gonda
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1984 Volume 62 Issue 3 Pages 563-572

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Abstract

Growth rates of basal and prism faces of ice crystals from the vapour phase have been measured as functions of the supersaturation at infinity from the crystal surface at -30°C and at air pressures 250 and 0.3 Torr*. Contributions of the volume diffusion process of water molecules, the surface kinetic process and the conduction process of the sublimation heat to the measured growth rates have been quantitatively discussed on the basis of theoretical consideration in the companion paper (Kuroda, 1984). The dependence on supersaturation at the crystal surface and air pressure of the kinetic coefficient or the condensation coefficient has been obtained by combining the theory of the companion paper with the experiments. It should be noted that an increase in air pressure makes not only the diffusion process slower, but also the surface kinetic process inactive.

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