2021 Volume 88 Issue 5 Pages 461-466
Background: Peritonitis is one of the most common complications in patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis, (PD) but it is difficult to predict or prevent. In this study, we analyzed the risk of endogenous peritonitis in patients receiving PD. Methods: We included all patients who underwent PD at our hospital from April 2015 to March 2020. There were 22 cases of peritonitis, including 18 cases of endogenous peritonitis without evidence of exit-site infection or technical failure. We evaluated older age, female sex, obesity, diabetes, diverticulosis, and constipation as potential important risk factors for endogenous peritonitis and included these as confounding factors, along with a current or previous history of smoking, in univariate logistic regression models. Results: A previous or current history of smoking (p = 0.0065) was the most significant risk factor for endogenous peritonitis in the univariate logistic regression model. In addition, smoking was the most significant independent risk factor for endogenous peritonitis (p = 0.0034) in multivariate logistic regression models. Diabetes was also significant in univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis. Conclusions: Smoking is a significant independent risk factor for endogenous peritonitis in patients undergoing PD. Cessation of smoking may lower the risk of endogenous peritonitis in this patient group.