Volume 59 (2013) Issue 1 Pages 9-15
The contents of six vitamin B6 forms, pyridoxine-β-glucoside, and 4-pyridoxic acid in mature milk of 20 Japanese lactating women consuming ordinary Japanese foods were determined by a 4-pyridoxolactone-conversion HPLC method. These compounds were determined with the average recovery rate of 83.9% or more. The average total content of vitamin B6 forms was 1.01±0.32 (μmol/L). Pyridoxal and pyridoxal 5′-phosphate were found in all of the samples, and their average contents were 0.71±0.28 (μmol/L) and 0.16±0.07 (μmol/L), respectively. Pyridoxamine, pyridoxine, pyridoxamine 5'-phosphate, pyridoxine 5'-phosphate, and pyridoxine-β-glucoside were found in 15, 14, 13, 9, and 7 samples, respectively. The presence of pyridoxine 5'-phosphate was for the first time found in human milk. A method for the determination of 4-pyridoxic acid, which is the excretion form of vitamin B6, was modified to quantitate it by isocratic HPLC. 4-Pyridoxic acid was found in all samples, and its average content was 0.094±0.040 (μmol/L), which was only 12% of its content in cow (Holstein) milk. The total content of vitamin B6 forms, and predominant presence of pyridoxal among other vitamin B6 forms in the Japanese women's milk samples shared similar characteristics with American women’s milk samples.