2021 年 67 巻 3 号 p. 189-195
One component of a correctly balanced diet is dietary fibre. Fibre acts protectively—it improves the functioning of the intestines, regulates the rhythm of bowel movements, inhibits the absorption of sugar and also lowers the level of cholesterol. The aim of the research was to determine the intake of fibre in relation to the occurrence of excessive weight and obesity among children and adolescents living in rural areas. The research was conducted using an authored questionnaire. The study questionnaire was completed by the study participants and their parents over 7 d. The anthropometric measurements were carried out on pupils in their underwear in conditions of privacy. Based on the results obtained, the BMI index was calculated for each pupil and then ranked according to WHO reference values. Among the pupils in the study group, the intake of fibre was at a very low level. The lowest amount of fibre in the diet was found among those with excessive weight and with obesity. Over 39% pupils never consumed wholegrain bread. Fruit and vegetables were consumed most seldom by pupils with excessive body weight. Knowledge about the lifestyles of children and adolescents is of crucial importance in taking multidirectional preventative actions to make changes to such lifestyles.