2022 Volume 68 Issue 1 Pages 47-54
The food quotient (FQ), which is the rate of macronutrient composition calculated from daily meals, can equal the respiratory quotient over a long term. The FQ is needed to estimate the total energy expenditure (TEE) in doubly labeled water studies. Usually, dietary records (DR) are used for dietary assessment in clinical nutritional studies; however, the DR method’s disadvantage is that it takes time to calculate the results. In comparison, the food frequency questionnaires (FFQ) method is a simple and quick way to calculate results. This study aimed to assess the FQ in Japanese runners, and to compare the two dietary assessment methods, DR and FFQ, to examine whether FFQ is useful in calculating the FQ in healthy young adults and runner. The study consisted of 27 runners and 22 healthy young adults. The participants recorded and took pictures all their meals for 1 wk and provided the FFQ for the same week. The FQ was calculated using the proportions of proteins, fats, carbohydrates, and alcohol. There were no significant differences between the FQs of the runners 0.867 (male: 0.873, female: 0.863) and the healthy young adults 0.871 (male: 0.875, female: 0.867) according to the DR methods. There were no differences in the FQs between DR and FFQ methods for all groups. A significant correlation between the FQs (r=0.502, p<0.01), estimated using the DR, and the FQs estimated using the FFQ was observed. These results suggest that use of the FFQ method can provide comparable data for runners and healthy young adults.