1984 Volume 30 Issue 6 Pages 561-567
Urinary energy/nitorogen ratios were determined in 179 female and 14 male subjects given protein from various sources and at various intake levels. The ratio decreased with increaseing protein intake from zero to 1 g/kg/day but was constant when protein intake was between 1 to 1.8 g/kg/day. The ratio was not affected by the variety of protein source. There was no difference between the data for semisynthetic diet and conventional diet. Mean values and standard deviations of the ratio in men and women given the diet containing 1.0 to 1.8 g protein/kg/day were 9.06±0.56 (n=14) and 8.19±0.81 (n=37) kcal/kg N, respectivery. The difference between two figures in men and women was significant (p<0.05). The mean values of urinary E/N ratio actually measured did not approach those of urea (5.34 kcal/g N), the principal nitrogenous compound in urine, the proportion of which increased at higher protein intake level. Characteristically high ratios were obtained in the ma-konbu (Laminaria japonica) and enokitake (Flammulina velutipes) diet groups. The results suggest that urinary energy originates not only from nitrogen-containing compounds but also from other organic compounds containing no nitrogen. Therefore, further investigation is necessary to evaluate the urinary E/N ratio applicable to the urinary loss of incompletely oxidized nitrogenous compounds.