Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
Online ISSN : 1881-7742
Print ISSN : 0301-4800
ISSN-L : 0301-4800
The Utility of Anthropometric Assessment at Institutions and Schools for Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities and/or Motor Disabilities; A Nation-Wide Survey in Japan
Hiroko OHWADATakeo NAKAYAMA
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2004 Volume 50 Issue 5 Pages 344-350

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Abstract

Objectives: To obtain information regarding the actual methods used for nutri-tional assessment at institutions and schools in order to establish a nutritional assessment method for individuals with disabilities. Methods: Questionnaires were sent to 1, 080 selected institutions and schools for individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID) and/or motor disabilities (MD). The response rate was 76.5%. Results: The implementation rates for height and weight measurements were generally very high at both institutions and schools for individuals with ID and/or MD (85.5-100%), but those for other items were very low and varied among different disability types. The implementation rate for BMI was 17.9-71.9%, demonstrating that BMI was not widely used among institutions and schools for individuals with ID and/or MD. As for the methods for calculating percent body fat, a high percentage of institutions and schools for individuals with ID and/or MD indicated the use of bioelectrical impedance analysis for most disability types (60-77.9%). Conclusions: The percentages of institutions for individuals with ID and/or MD and of schools for individuals with ID and/or MD that implement nutritional assessment are very low, with variations among different disability types.

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