Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
Online ISSN : 1881-7742
Print ISSN : 0301-4800
ISSN-L : 0301-4800
In Vivo Antioxidant Activity of Methanol Extract from Quinoa Fermented with Rhizopus oligosporus
Masako MATSUO
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Keywords: quinoa, tempeh, SOD, TBARS, GSH-Px
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2005 Volume 51 Issue 6 Pages 449-452

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Abstract

Previously, this author reported that the fermentation of quinoa with Rhizopus oligosporeus increased antioxidant activity, and the antioxidant activity of the 80% methanol extract of the fermented quinoa (Q-tempeh) was higher than the other extracts with n-hexane and water in vitro. In this paper, to clarify a beneficial effect of the fermentation of quinoa with R, oligosporus, the antioxidant activity of 80% methanol extract of Q-tempeh was investigated in rats ex vivo and in vivo. In the ex vivo experiment, the 80% methanol extract from Q-tempeh increased both activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) in the liver, and accelerated the production of 12-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (12-HETE) in the lung. In rats fed vitamin E-free diets with 80% methanol extract of Q-tempeh, the a-tocopherol concentration, thiobarbituric acid-reactive substance (TBARS) value, and activities of GSH-Px and SOD in serum showed a similar concentration to those of the control rats fed a vitamin E-supplemented diet. However, the hepatic GSH-Px and SOD activities were higher than those in the control rats. On the other hand, in rats fed a vitamin E-free diet with the 80% methanol extract of quinoa, the serum a-tocopherol level was lower, and both TBARS values of serum and liver were higher than those in the control rats. From these results, the 80% methanol extract of R-tempeh was inferred to be an active superoxide scavenger and peroxide reducer in vivo.

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