1993 Volume 27 Issue 2 Pages 89-99
Root canal models were implanted in rats in order to investigate histologically the movement of granulation tissue invading apical canals and dead spaces and changes in cell proliferative activity as indicated by 3H-thymidine. The models were prepared to have 1, 2, and 3 mm apical canals, with and without dead spaces, to simulate preparations short of the apex and obturation to several levels. After 12 wks implantation of the models without dead spaces, granulation tissue invading 1 mm apical canals did not degenerate and cell proliferative activity remained high. However, tissue invading the 2 and 3 mm apical canals tended to be necrotic and cell proliferative activity was decreased. In the models with dead spaces, the tissue in the 1 and 2 mm apical canals developed and invaded the dead spaces, and still possessed proliferative activity 12 wks after implantation. In contrast, the tissue in the 3 mm apical canals did not invade the dead spaces, even after 12 wks, and no proliferative activity was observed.