1978 年 90 巻 9-10 号 p. 1297-1308
In relation to the mechanism by which hemolysis was induced in radiated human erythrocytes in vitro, several inducements of membrane lipid peroxidation and protective effects of V. E and SOD were investigated. Results obtained were as follows:
(1) K+-release from erythrocytes was accelerated by radiation prior to hemolysis. These accelerated hemolysis and K+-release were protected remarkably by V. E and evidently by SOD.
(2) Mitochondrial Fe2+ induced and Fe3+-O2 generating system - ADP induced lipid peroxidation, and microsomal O2 generating system - induced lipid peroxidation were also protected by V. E and SOD.
(3) Radiation of X-ray or 60Co γ-ray accelerated lipid peroxidation of liver homogenate, microsome and liposome. Some of these accelerated lipid peroxidations were protected effectively by V. E and SOD.
These results suggest that O2 and/or OH·generation by radiation induces of membrane lipid peroxidation, which leads deterioration of membrane resulting in the change of ion permeability and then hemolysis.