オリエント
Online ISSN : 1884-1406
Print ISSN : 0030-5219
ISSN-L : 0030-5219
ガザン・ハンの対元朝使節派遣について
14世紀初頭におけるイラン・中国交渉史の1齣
恵谷 俊之
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ジャーナル フリー

1965 年 8 巻 3-4 号 p. 49-55,134

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In the political chaos after the fall of the 2nd Khwariazm Empire Hülägü who had been appointed by the great Qa'an Möngke to the governor of Iran, was successful to overthrow the 'Abbasids Caliphate of Baghdad after having conquered the Isma'iliyah of Mazanderan. He marched back to the Iranian Plateau through Hamadan highway and turned north to Azerbaijan. Here he established the Il-Khanate in 1258. Meanwhile in the East the sudden death of Möngke (1259) resulted in the struggle about the succession of the Great Qa'anship between Erik Böke and Qubilai. The latter overwhilmed the former and established the Yüan dynasty in China. Thereafter both Mongol powers, the Yüan dynasty of the Eastern Asia and the Il-khans of the Western Asia, seem to have rapidly adapted themselves to Chinese and Iranian traditions respectively. Qubilai Qa'an, who considered himself as the legitimate successor of Möngke and the Great Qa'an of Chingis Qa'anids Empire, regarded the family of Hülägü as a governor of one of the provinces of his dominions, while to the Il-khans, who enjoyed the domination over their vaste territory in Western Asia and constituted an independent state de facto, such a status seems to have not been a matter of great concern, and they regarded the Yüan dynasty as their brother khanate in the East and a good partner in their trading activities. Both of them, which were standing in the friendly relations, different from Chaghatai and Ügetei Khanates, actively despatched ambassadors each other after the end of Qaidu and Duwa's rebellions in the beginning of the 14th century.
The present paper treats with Ghazan's embassy to the Yüan court under Timur Qa'an, mainly based on Wassaf's descriptions in his Tajziyat al-Amsar wa Tazjiyat al-A'sar. The author tries to analyse the Ilkhan's diplomatic attitude to the Yüan and points out the trading and commercial factors therein.

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© (社)日本オリエント学会
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