1965 年 8 巻 3-4 号 p. 57-73,136
In the râh-mânaj (maritime guidebook) compilated by Ibn Mâjid who was the pilot employed by Vasco da Gama from Malindi to Calicut, there are plainly described the course from Hormuz to Zaitûn by way of the Southern Sea and the names of harbors called at by the vessels of this line. We could attempt to guess some of these ports at that of today, for instance, Shahr-i nau (new capital) or Ayut'ia which was founded in 1350 A. D. as the new capital of that dynasty. It was chiefly from the mohammedans in Malacca, Siam and Java that Portugeses obtained the informations about China and the way thither, when they conquered Malacca in the year 1511 A. D. (from the letter of Affonso de Albuquerque, etc.)
And it was the tendency of those days that the nâkhodhâ (proprietor of ships) was the capitaneus of maritime enterprise, but the mu'allim (captain) was also permitted to load their own cargoes for exchange in their cabins (maîkh) and to carry on commerce.