Journal of Oleo Science
Online ISSN : 1347-3352
Print ISSN : 1345-8957
ISSN-L : 1345-8957
Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Enzymatic Epoxidation of Soybean Oil Using Ionic Liquid as Reaction Media
Shangde SunPing LiYanlan BiFugang Xiao
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2014 Volume 63 Issue 4 Pages 383-390

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Abstract

An ionic liquid (IL) system for the enzymatic epoxidation of soybean oil was studied. The effects of active oxygen carriers (different fatty acids) and ILs ([Bmim]PF6 and [Bmim]BF4) on the enzymatic epoxidation were investigated. Response surface methodology (RSM) was used to study and optimize the effects of variables (reaction time, reaction temperature, molar ratio of H2O2/C=C-bonds, and molar ratio of fatty acid/C=C-bonds) on the epoxy oxygen group content (EOC) of epoxidized soybean oil (ESO). Results showed that the enzymatic epoxidation of soybean oil can be enhanced using tetradecanoic acid (C13H27COOH) as active oxygen carrier and [Bmim]PF6 as reaction medium. The optimum EOC of ESO was 5.9 ± 0.3% under the following conditions: reaction temperature 46°C, reaction time 11 h, enzyme load 3% (w/w, relative to the weight of soybean oil), molar ratio of H2O2/C=C-bonds 1.8:1, and molar ratio of C13H27COOH/C=C-bonds 0.5:1.

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© 2014 by Japan Oil Chemists' Society
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