Journal of Oral Science
Online ISSN : 1880-4926
Print ISSN : 1343-4934
ISSN-L : 1343-4934
Original
Effects of Smads and BMPs induced by Ga-Al-As laser irradiation on calcification ability of human dental pulp cells
Satoshi MatsuiHitomi TakeuchiYasuhisa TsujimotoKiyoshi Matsushima
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2008 Volume 50 Issue 1 Pages 75-81

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Abstract

We investigated the effects of Ga-Al-As laser irradiation on the mineralization ability of human dental pulp (HDP) cells and on Smads and bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) production as one mechanism for the transmission of laser photochemical energy to cells. HDP cells in vitro were irradiated once with a Ga-Al-As laser at 1.0 W for 500 s, and calcified nodule formation was assessed by Alizarin red S staining. The laser irradiation was greater in the laser-irradiated group than in the non-irradiated group. Both calcium production and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity were higher after laser irradiation. Expression of mRNAs for Smad1, Smad7, BMPs, ALP, and osteocalcin was greater after laser irradiation, whereas expression of Smad6 mRNA was inhibited. Production of BMP-2 and BMP-4 in conditioned medium was also higher after laser irradiation. These results suggest that Smads and BMPs play important roles in ALP activity and calcification upon laser irradiation of HDP cells. (J. Oral Sci. 50, 75-81, 2008)

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© 2008 by Nihon University School of Dentistry
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