Journal of Oral Science
Online ISSN : 1880-4926
Print ISSN : 1343-4934
Effect of canal taper and plugger size on warm gutta-percha obturation of lateral depressions
Wu ZhangHisashi SuguroYoshimi KobayashiTamotsu TsurumachiBunnai Ogiso
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2011 Volume 53 Issue 2 Pages 219-224


This study used transparent epoxy-resin root canal models to evaluate different main root canal tapers and various methods of vertical compaction for warm gutta-percha obturation of lateral depressions. The root canal models had straight main root canals with three tapers and four lateral depressions at right angles to the main root canal, 1.0 mm and 3.0 mm from the apex. Three types of experimental stainless steel pluggers with different flat-tip diameters and tapers were used to compact the warm gutta-percha. The Obtura II was used for obturation. After obturation, the depth of penetration into lateral depressions was measured under a stereoscopic microscope, and the effects of root canal taper and plugger size were analyzed by using two-way analysis of variance. The penetration of warm gutta-percha into lateral depressions using the smallest-diameter plugger decreased with increasing main root canal taper. Penetration into lateral depressions increased with the use of pluggers of the correct size. There was a close relationship between plugger size and canal taper. The results suggest that main root canal taper and plugger size should be closely matched so as to promote gutta-percha obturation of lateral depressions. (J Oral Sci 53, 219-224, 2011)

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© 2011 by Nihon University School of Dentistry
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