2018 Volume 60 Issue 3 Pages 399-404
Clear magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is required to diagnose tongue cancer. However, the absence of occlusal support may cause tongue movements which are known to introduce artifacts on the MR image. This pilot study compared the manifest of artifacts from the tongue at rest and during motion using luminance standard deviation (LSD) to quantify the artifacts, in dentulous subjects. Participants were ten dentulous participants (5 males, 5 females; age 31.50 ± 8.38 years) with occlusal support. MRI was conducted with the tongue at rest and during lateral movement. The LSD was measured in the regions of interest (ROI) in the axial and sagittal planes. Tongue movement evoked unclear MR images, compared with the images taken at rest. Statistical analysis revealed that the LSD significantly differed between the tongue at rest and in motion in the axial (P = 0.004) and sagittal planes (ROI-A: P = 0.002, ROI-P: P = 0.006). These findings suggest that tongue movement introduces motion artifact and the LSD responds quantitatively to the magnitude of artifacts. Future studies will evaluate whether a prosthetic device used to provide occlusive support can decrease these artifacts when analyzed using LSD.