2018 Volume 60 Issue 4 Pages 479-483
It has been reported that Forkhead box transcription factor class O3a (Foxo3a) is expressed in rheumatoid arthritis, a chronic inflammatory condition accompanied by bone resorption, and plays a role in its pathology. However, it has remained unclear whether Foxo3a is involved in the pathogenesis of periapical granulomas. The present study was performed to compare the expression of Foxo3a in periapical granulomas and healthy gingival tissues. Samples were obtained surgically from patients, and subjected to hematoxylin-eosin staining for histopathologic diagnosis. Two-color immunofluorescence staining was also performed using antibodies against Foxo3a and markers for three types of inflammatory cells: neutrophils, T lymphocytes, and B lymphocytes. This revealed that Foxo3a was expressed in all three cell types in periapical granulomas but not in healthy gingival tissues. Foxo3a was expressed in 82.1%, 78.3%, and 77.5% of neutrophils, T lymphocytes, and B lymphocytes, respectively, and statistical analysis using the Kruskal-Wallis test followed by the Steel-Dwass test showed no significant difference of Foxo3a expression among the three cell types. Our results suggest that Foxo3a transcription factors may be involved in the pathogenesis of periapical granulomas.