2019 Volume 61 Issue 4 Pages 529-533
This study evaluated the effect of maxillary advancement surgery on the size of the pharyngeal airway space (PAS). Lateral cephalometric radiographs were collected for 90 patients (29 men and 61 women; average age, 27.2 ± 8.1 years) before (T1) and 1 year after (T2) maxillary advancement surgery. Horizontal and vertical changes in the maxilla and PAS were measured and classified by distance. The maxilla was advanced horizontally by 2.9 ± 1.7 mm and vertically by 2.7 ± 1.4 mm. Upward maxillary movement of ≥4 mm significantly increased PAS (mean change in PAS, 2.6 mm), and upward maxillary movement significantly decreased the posterior nasal spine to the P-point. Only patients with vertical advancement ≥4 mm and horizontal advancement of 3 mm had significant increases in all three PAS parameters. Although forward maxillary movement is believed to have a large effect on PAS, it is suggest that upward vertical movement is more effective for improving PAS. Both the extent and direction of maxillar movement should be considered. Future studies should use cone-beam computed tomography to evaluate the effect of axial direction and differences in PAS.