2020 Volume 62 Issue 3 Pages 293-297
This in vitro study evaluated the effect of different antiseptics and different concentrations thereof in a model of wound healing using human gingival fibroblasts. The fibroblasts were rinsed with four different antiseptic solutions: sodium hypochlorite (HYP), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), chlorhexidine digluconate (CHX), and benzalkonium chloride (BC). The effect on the release of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1) was investigated using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs). In addition, the effects of the antiseptics on wound healing at 1, 12, 24, and 48 h were assessed through a wound healing assay. The viability of the fibroblasts rinsed with antiseptics was investigated with respect to the concentrations inhibiting cell growth by 50% (IC50), 25% (IC25), and ≤2% (IC2). A statistically significant increased release of IL-6 was obtained with BC IC25 and IC2 after 12, 24, and 48 h (P < 0.01). For TGF-β1, no significant release was found for CHX IC2 after 24 and 48 h or for IC50 and IC25 after 12 h. There was no significant effect on wound healing capacity for CHX or for BC IC25 and IC2. This study demonstrated that antiseptic rinses of human gingival fibroblasts alter the release of IL-6 and TGF-β1 and impact wound healing capacity, with both BC and CHX conferring neutral effects.