2021 Volume 63 Issue 4 Pages 315-319
Purpose: To study effects of bioactive glass with high phosphorus content (10.8% P2O5, 54.2% SiO2, 35% CaO, mol%, named PSC) on mineralization of type I collagen fibrils.
Methods: (1) PSC, and PSC combining 0.1 mg/mL, 0.5 mg/mL, or 1.0 mg/mL polyacrylic acid (PAA), were used to induce the mineralization of self-assembled type I collagen fibrils. After 3 and 7 days of mineralization, collagen fibrils were observed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and selected area electron diffraction (SAED). (2) PSC suspension was dialyzed in simulated body fluid (SBF), or in SBF containing 0.1 mg/mL, 0.5 mg/mL, or 1.0 mg/mL PAA, to form amorphous calcium phosphate (ACP), then observed by TEM.
Results: (1) PSC and PSC combining 0.1 mg/mL or 0.5 mg/mL PAA induced mainly extrafibrillar mineralization. PSC combining 1.0 mg/mL PAA induced both extrafibrillar and intrafibrillar mineralization. (2) The ACP induced by PSC or PSC combining 0.1 mg/mL PAA partly formed lattice structure after 24 h. The particle size of the ACP induced by PSC combining 0.5 mg/mL PAA was 100-150 nm, and that induced by PSC combining 1.0 mg/mL PAA was 30-50 nm.
Conclusion: PSC induced mainly extrafibrillar mineralization, and PSC combining an appropriate concentration (1.0 mg/mL) of PAA induced both extrafibrillar and intrafibrillar mineralization.